White

White wine is an alcoholic beverage made from alcoholic fermented grape must, obtained from different red and white grape varieties of Vitis vinifera genus. The most relevant white varieties worldwide are: Chardonnay indigenous from Burgundy region; Sauvignon Blanc indigenous from Loire and  Bordeaux; Riesling is the queen variety in Germany; Viura in La Rioja and Penedés appellations;  Grüner Veltliner in Austria; Gewürztraminer used in the highly scented wines of Alsace; and finally Albariño in Rías Baixas, Galicia.

Which are the morphological features of white grapes?

White grapes, unlike red ones, have yellow-greenish skin colour. Therefore white varieties do not have any veraison, that is, they do not change its tone from green into red-bluish. White grape pomace is rich in tannins and in flavones, accountable for the aromatic fractions that we will find later on in the wine. The inside seed hold tannins and oily substances. At last, flesh is rich in water, sugar and organic acids such as Tartaric, Malic and Succinic. Due to the sugar in the flesh, as well as the saccharomyces yeasts action, must becomes white wine.

White wine traditional elaboration process…

White wine production starts with the late summer harvest, from August to end September, depending on the wine growing area. Northern regions with colder and more moderate climate delay the ripening of the grapes. Once the sugar content and the desired acidity are reached, manual harvest is performed and berries in boxes are conveyed directly to winery.    

The harvest received is unloaded in the pneumatic press either manually, every box, or through a conveyor belt. Usually during this stage, the whole production is introduced, without de-stemming, into the press, as the stems help berries not to get compacted so the must is well drained. Otherwise, harvest can be de-stemmed but this is completely unadvisable. The next step is the pressing, in several cycles, where pressure is increased over time. The must released during the pressing is conducted through a piston centrifuge pump into stainless steel tanks. The first fractions of the must are very rich in sugar content and aroma, while when pressing is higher, it gets more tannic and full of green substances.    

Then next step is the cold static racking or débourbage, in stainless steel vats. Cold is applied and usually some fining agents are added, such as bentonite, casein or isinglass which help keeping apart solid deposits from musts through by sedimentation or filtration. Racking usually takes 24hours at less than 10ºC. After that time, must is transferred into fermentation deposits pumping carefully only the clear part of the vat, free from any residue.

Now the saccharomyces cerevisiae yeasts are seeded and the alcoholic fermentation, that will transform must in white wine, starts. During this process carbonic gas is emitted (CO2) as a by-product. Fermentation temperature is around 17ºC. In the course of this process, yeasts turn sugar into alcohol. Sometimes a racking to a new vat is carried out in the middle of the cycle, to aerate must-wine and stimulate fermentative kinetics, as the carbon dioxide generated by the yeasts creates an anaerobic environment not suitable for fermentation.  

Once alcoholic fermentation is finished, white wine is conveyed into a new tank, refusing the low part with the thick lees, not used for the winemaking process. Malolactic fermentation can be accomplished now, but this is rarely performed, only with those wines of extreme acidity, typical of very cold regions and grape varieties with high malic acid content, as Champagne base white wines for instance. Without it, white wine goes through a resting and stabilisation period for the next 3 to 6 months. Now the option is for the winery to choose between a young white wine and an aged white wine, either in oak barrels or big wood vats.

Before bottling it, white wine goes through tartaric stabilization by refrigeration. Wine is cooled to 5 - 2ºC, which crystallizes tartaric acid in potassium bitartrate salts. This procedure is highly recommended to avoid salts dispersion in flocs when the wine is cooled after its sale. Then, wine is filtered through a porous surface with a frame filter or by diatom soils, in order to withhold any suspended matter such as bacteria or yeasts, and thus obtaining a biologically secure white wine.    

Finally, white wine is bottled and ready for distribution in the market.

Sorted by

White wine from 20 to 30€

Binner Gewürztraminer 2012
Quantity:
18,36 £
Eco / Bio
PK --
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Type of wine Young White Winery Domaine Binner Appellation Alsace Grapes Gewürztraminer
Binner Alsace Muscat 2012
Quantity:
18,36 £
PK --
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Type of wine Barrel Aged White Winery Domaine Binner Appellation Alsace Grapes Muscat
Domaine de Pergault St-Julien En St-Alban Vieille Marsanne 2013
Quantity:
18,36 £
Charming
Natural
Other Vintages available: 2014
PK --
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Type of wine Barrel Aged White Winery Éric Texier Appellation Côtes du Rhône Grapes Marsanne
Binner Alsace Riesling Vignoble de Katzenthal 2013
Quantity:
18,36 £
PK --
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Type of wine Barrel Aged White Winery Domaine Binner Appellation Alsace Grapes Riesling
Domaine aux Moines Savennières-Roche aux Moines 1998
Quantity:
18,36 £
Orgasmic
Natural
bottle x6: 17,45 £/u. (-5%)
Other Vintages available: 2013
PK --
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Cérvoles Blanc 2014
Quantity:
18,41 £
PK --
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A Teixa 2013
Quantity:
18,45 £
PK91
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Type of wine Barrel Aged White Winery Luis A. Rodríguez Vázquez Appellation Ribeiro Grapes Treixadura
Els Bassots 2015
Quantity:
18,50 £
Natural
bottle x6: 17,58 £/u. (-5%)
PK --
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Type of wine Barrel Aged White Winery Escoda Sanahuja Appellation Conca de Barberà Grapes Chenin Blanc
Branco de Santa Cruz 2014
Quantity:
18,50 £
Exclusive
Eco / Bio
bottle x6: 17,58 £/u. (-5%)
PK --
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Barzen Riesling Alte Reben Feinherb 2009
Quantity:
18,64 £
PK --
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Type of wine Young White Winery Weinhaus Alexander Barzen Appellation Mosel Saar Ruwer Grapes Riesling
Sameirás Blanco 2014 Magnum
Quantity:
18,64 £
Orgasmic
PK --
90
Pepe Luis 2015
Quantity:
18,68 £
Free shipping
PK --
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Type of wine Barrel Aged White Winery Bodegas Albamar Appellation Rías Baixas Grapes Albariño
Alma de Mar 2015
Quantity:
18,68 £
Free shipping
PK --
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Type of wine Young White Winery Bodegas Albamar Appellation Rías Baixas Grapes Albariño
Nikolaihof Im Weingebirge Grüner Veltliner Federspiel 2010
Quantity:
18,73 £
Freak
Eco / Bio
bottle x6: 17,81 £/u. (-5%)
Other Vintages available: 2016
PK90
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Type of wine Barrel Aged White Winery Nikolaihof Appellation Wachau Grapes Grüner Veltliner
Viña Mein Fermentado en Barrica 2014
Quantity:
18,77 £
PK --
91
Kühling - Gillot Nierstein Riesling Trocken 2014
Quantity:
18,77 £
Eco / Bio
PK --
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Type of wine Young White Winery Kühling Gillot Appellation Rheinhessen Grapes Riesling
Battenfeld Spanier Mölsheim Riesling Trocken 2014
Quantity:
18,77 £
Eco / Bio
PK --
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Type of wine Young White Winery Battenfeld Spanier Appellation Rheinhessen Grapes Riesling
Dönnhoff Tonschiefer Riesling Trocken 2014
Quantity:
18,77 £
Other Vintages available: 2015
PK88
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Type of wine Young White Winery Hermann Dönnhoff Appellation Nahe Grapes Riesling
Pies Descalzos 2015
Quantity:
18,77 £
Eco / Bio
PK --
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Type of wine Barrel Aged White Winery Bodegas Marañones Appellation Vinos de Madrid Grapes Albillo Real
Dönnhoff Tonschiefer Riesling Trocken 2015
Quantity:
18,82 £
PK91
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Type of wine Young White Winery Hermann Dönnhoff Appellation Nahe Grapes Riesling
Usatges Blanco 2007
Quantity:
18,87 £
PK --
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Nicolás de Tricó 2013
Quantity:
18,96 £
Eco / Bio
Other Bottle sizes: Magnum
PK --
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Type of wine Young White Winery Vinos Tricó Appellation Rías Baixas Grapes Albariño
El Perro Verde 2016 Magnum
Quantity:
18,96 £
Other Bottle sizes: Doble Magnum, Standard
PK --
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Type of wine Young White Winery Ángel Lorenzo Cachazo Appellation Rueda Grapes Verdejo
R de Rieussec 2015
Quantity:
19,00 £
PK87-89
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Type of wine Barrel Aged White Winery Château Rieussec Appellation Bordeaux Grapes Sémillon, Sauvignon Blanc
Verónica Ortega CAL 2015
Quantity:
19,00 £
Eco / Bio
Amphora
PK --
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Type of wine Barrel Aged White Winery Verónica Ortega Appellation Bierzo Grapes Godello
Wine in moderation
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