Red

Red wine is an alcoholic beverage made from alcoholic fermented grape must, obtained from different dark-coloured (red) grape varieties of Vitis vinifera genus. Some of the most relevant red grape varieties are: Tempranillo in La Rioja, Navarra, Ribera del Duero and Toro appellations;  Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot in the region of Bordeaux; Syrah in the Rhône Valley and queen variety Pinot Noir in Burgundy

Which are the morphological features of red grapes?

Dark-coloured grapes, as they mature in the vine, get their intense red-bluish pigment in their skin (pomace) where most of the colouring matter is concentrated, the so-called antocian that would later on convey its tinge to the wine. On the other hand, its flesh is colourless but rich in sugars. These sugars will be responsible of the must change into wine thanks to the action of saccharomyces yeasts. Finally, its seeds are rich in tannins and give structure to the red wine.

Red Wine elaboration process…

The process of red wine producing starts at harvest time, from August to October depending on the wine growing area. Northern regions, such as Burgundy or Germany, with a colder climate, have a slow ripening of their fruits, so harvest is delayed. The right moment is when fruit' sugar concentration and desired acidity are reached. 

Once grapes are delivered into the winery, they are sift at the vibrating sorting tables, so any fungi damaged berry or those that have not completed the ripening period are rejected. Then, bunches of berries fall directly in the stemming system, to remove the stems, and in the mechanical crushing equipment to slightly break the berries thus releasing grape must. With a peristaltic or eccentric screw pump the pulp (must and pomace) is driven into either concrete or stainless steel tanks or into wood vats, according to the winery's choice.

It must be noted, however, that some wine producing areas omit the stemming process so the stems are also introduced in the vats and tanks, and the resulting wine is more tannic. Everything relays on the variety used, as Pinot Noir for instance has very low tannin and needs a boost to enable their long ageing process; otherwise wine would be too thin.

With the harvest in the tanks, there is the option of a cold pre-fermentative maceration for some days that will enable primary aroma extraction; this might be interesting in case of grape varieties with great scents potential. Anyway, the next step is the seeding of selected yeasts if a controlled fermentation is desired, otherwise spontaneous fermentation is another option as the pomace (skin of the grape) has its own yeasts. Throughout the alcoholic fermentation, yeasts turn sugar into alcohol while releasing carbon dioxide gas (CO2) as a sub product. The complete process takes about two weeks, and meanwhile periodical pumping are performed to obtain the pomace pigments that would tinge must-wine beautifully red. Additionally, open pumping allow must-wine aeration, getting rid of the reduction smell and also activating the fermentation process, slowed down by the CO2 release, keep in mind the entire process is carried out in an anaerobic environment.   

Once alcoholic fermentation is finished, winery has the option to continue with the wine maceration in pomace for some days, the so-called post-fermentative maceration. This stage leads to an increase in aroma, colour and tannins in the red wine.  Besides this, after fermentation, the next step is the drawing out of the tanks or vats, where pomace is definitely removed from the red wine.  The skin remains are introduced in a vertical hydraulic press or a membrane press that will enable, through pressing, the boosting of the richest in tannins and astringent wine that will be used at the end of the vinification process to furnish structure in case it should be necessary. Thus, press wine is kept separately in steel tanks or barrels until the very last moment. After pressing, the solid remains (orujo) are used in the manufacture of distilled liquors.  

Usually red wine is racked into steel vats for a second fermentation: malolactic fermentation, where the action of lactic bacteria turns strong acids such as the malic (green apple) into smooth acids such as lactic (milk). This process might take up to a month to be completed and it needs a temperature over 20ºC, so in cold areas it does not take place until spring time.

Then, and according to the type of red wine that is being sought, it can be racked into barrels for a Crianza red wine. In case of Young red wine only some months resting in the stainless steel vats is necessary. Correspondingly to the ageing time in barrels and bottle there are different wine categories: Young crianza, Crianza, Reserve and Grand Reserve.

The fining or clearing is one of the last stages previous to marketing, where fining agents, as casein, egg-albumin, bentonite and isinglass, are added to wine to eliminate any tartrate or colloidal suspended matter that might cloud wine. Subsequently and also optionally, wine can be filtered with plate pads or by diatome soils, rendering red wine steadier biologically speaking. 

Finally, red wine is bottled and ready for distribution in the market.

Sorted by

Red wine for more than 50€

Sarnin Berrux Volnay 2013
Quantity:
45,73 £
Eco / Bio
PK --
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Type of wine Crianza Red Winery Sarnin Berrux Appellation Volnay Grapes Pinot Noir
Domaine Jean Marc Boillot Pommard 1er Cru Jarollières 2007
Quantity:
45,78 £
PK --
--
Type of wine Reserve Red Winery Domaine Jean Marc Boillot Appellation Pommard 1er Cru Grapes Pinot Noir
Thibault Liger Belair Nuits-Saint-Georges
Quantity:
45,82 £
Orgasmic
Other Vintages available: 2014
PK91
--
Paisajes La Pasada 2012 Magnum
Quantity:
45,91 £
Other Vintages available: 2013
PK --
93
Type of wine Reserve Red Winery Paisajes y Viñedos Appellation Rioja Grapes Tempranillo
Paisajes Cecias 2010 Magnum
Quantity:
45,91 £
Other Bottle sizes: Standard
Other Vintages available: 2012, 2011
PK --
90
Type of wine Crianza Red Winery Paisajes y Viñedos Appellation Rioja Grapes Garnacha
Paisajes Cecias 2011 Magnum
Quantity:
45,91 £
Other Bottle sizes: Standard
Other Vintages available: 2012, 2010
PK92
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Type of wine Crianza Red Winery Paisajes y Viñedos Appellation Rioja Grapes Garnacha
Paisajes Cecias 2012 Magnum
Quantity:
45,91 £
Other Bottle sizes: Standard
Other Vintages available: 2011, 2010
PK91
90
Type of wine Crianza Red Winery Paisajes y Viñedos Appellation Rioja Grapes Garnacha
Paisajes La Pasada 2013 Magnum
Quantity:
45,91 £
Other Bottle sizes: Standard
Other Vintages available: 2012
PK --
--
Type of wine Reserve Red Winery Paisajes y Viñedos Appellation Rioja Grapes Tempranillo
Finca Sandoval 2010 Magnum
Quantity:
45,91 £
Other Bottle sizes: Standard
PK92
93
Type of wine Crianza Red Winery Finca Sandoval Appellation Manchuela Grapes Syrah, Monastrell, Bobal
Camus - Bruchon Pommard 1er Cru Les Arvelets 2011
Quantity:
46,10 £
PK --
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Type of wine Reserve Red Winery Domaine Camus Bruchon Appellation Pommard 1er Cru Grapes Pinot Noir
Estrats 2008
Quantity:
46,14 £
bottle x6: 43,86 £/u. (-5%)
PK --
94
Gaja Pieve Santa Restituta Brunello di Montalcino 2012
Quantity:
46,14 £
Exclusive
Other Vintages available: 2011
PK --
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Type of wine Reserve Red Winery Gaja Appellation Brunello di Montalcino Grapes Sangiovese
Remelluri Colección Jaime Rodríguez 2004
Quantity:
46,37 £
PK95
93
Type of wine Crianza Red Winery Remelluri Appellation Rioja Grapes Tempranillo
Jean Leon Reserva Cabernet Sauvignon 1983
Quantity:
46,42 £
Orgasmic
Exclusive
Other Vintages available: 1979, 1978
PK --
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Type of wine Reserve Red Winery Jean Leon Appellation Penedés Grapes Cabernet Sauvignon
Alión 2013
Quantity:
46,42 £
Other Bottle sizes: Magnum
PK94
93
Type of wine Crianza Red Winery Bodegas y Viñedos Alión Appellation Ribera del Duero Grapes Tinto Fino
Negre de Negres 2014 Magnum
Quantity:
46,46 £
PK91
93
Les Tallades de Cal Nicolau 2013
Quantity:
46,51 £
PK --
93
Type of wine Crianza Red Winery Orto Vins Appellation Montsant Grapes Picapoll Negre
Château Giscours 2011
Quantity:
46,55 £
Charming
Other Vintages available: 2013, 2012, 2010
PK90
--
Laboratorio Rupestre Ruina 2013
Quantity:
46,64 £
Natural
PK --
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Type of wine Young Crianza Red Winery Erik Rosdahl Appellation Table wine Grapes Syrah
Michel Lafarge Volnay Vendanges Sélectionnées 2014
Quantity:
46,69 £
Charming
Eco / Bio
PK --
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Type of wine Crianza Red Winery Domaine Michel Lafarge Appellation Volnay Grapes Pinot Noir
Arbossar 2004
Quantity:
46,87 £
Eco / Bio
bottle x6: 44,54 £/u. (-5%)
Other Vintages available: 2015
PK89
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Type of wine Reserve Red Winery Terroir al Límit Appellation Priorat Grapes Cariñena
Clos Martinet 2014
Quantity:
47,01 £
Eco / Bio
Other Bottle sizes: Magnum
Other Vintages available: 2013, 2012, 2011, 2006, 2005, 2003, 2002
PK94
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Clos Martinet 2013
Quantity:
47,15 £
Eco / Bio
Other Bottle sizes: Magnum
Other Vintages available: 2014, 2012, 2011, 2006, 2005, 2003, 2002
PK --
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Viña Tondonia Reserva 2004 Magnum
Quantity:
47,28 £
Charming
Other Bottle sizes: Demi
PK94
94
Château Monbousquet 2011
Quantity:
47,33 £
Other Vintages available: 2013, 2012
PK90
--
Wine in moderation
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