Red

Red wine is an alcoholic beverage made from alcoholic fermented grape must, obtained from different dark-coloured (red) grape varieties of Vitis vinifera genus. Some of the most relevant red grape varieties are: Tempranillo in La Rioja, Navarra, Ribera del Duero and Toro appellations;  Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot in the region of Bordeaux; Syrah in the Rhône Valley and queen variety Pinot Noir in Burgundy

Which are the morphological features of red grapes?

Dark-coloured grapes, as they mature in the vine, get their intense red-bluish pigment in their skin (pomace) where most of the colouring matter is concentrated, the so-called antocian that would later on convey its tinge to the wine. On the other hand, its flesh is colourless but rich in sugars. These sugars will be responsible of the must change into wine thanks to the action of saccharomyces yeasts. Finally, its seeds are rich in tannins and give structure to the red wine.

Red Wine elaboration process…

The process of red wine producing starts at harvest time, from August to October depending on the wine growing area. Northern regions, such as Burgundy or Germany, with a colder climate, have a slow ripening of their fruits, so harvest is delayed. The right moment is when fruit' sugar concentration and desired acidity are reached. 

Once grapes are delivered into the winery, they are sift at the vibrating sorting tables, so any fungi damaged berry or those that have not completed the ripening period are rejected. Then, bunches of berries fall directly in the stemming system, to remove the stems, and in the mechanical crushing equipment to slightly break the berries thus releasing grape must. With a peristaltic or eccentric screw pump the pulp (must and pomace) is driven into either concrete or stainless steel tanks or into wood vats, according to the winery's choice.

It must be noted, however, that some wine producing areas omit the stemming process so the stems are also introduced in the vats and tanks, and the resulting wine is more tannic. Everything relays on the variety used, as Pinot Noir for instance has very low tannin and needs a boost to enable their long ageing process; otherwise wine would be too thin.

With the harvest in the tanks, there is the option of a cold pre-fermentative maceration for some days that will enable primary aroma extraction; this might be interesting in case of grape varieties with great scents potential. Anyway, the next step is the seeding of selected yeasts if a controlled fermentation is desired, otherwise spontaneous fermentation is another option as the pomace (skin of the grape) has its own yeasts. Throughout the alcoholic fermentation, yeasts turn sugar into alcohol while releasing carbon dioxide gas (CO2) as a sub product. The complete process takes about two weeks, and meanwhile periodical pumping are performed to obtain the pomace pigments that would tinge must-wine beautifully red. Additionally, open pumping allow must-wine aeration, getting rid of the reduction smell and also activating the fermentation process, slowed down by the CO2 release, keep in mind the entire process is carried out in an anaerobic environment.   

Once alcoholic fermentation is finished, winery has the option to continue with the wine maceration in pomace for some days, the so-called post-fermentative maceration. This stage leads to an increase in aroma, colour and tannins in the red wine.  Besides this, after fermentation, the next step is the drawing out of the tanks or vats, where pomace is definitely removed from the red wine.  The skin remains are introduced in a vertical hydraulic press or a membrane press that will enable, through pressing, the boosting of the richest in tannins and astringent wine that will be used at the end of the vinification process to furnish structure in case it should be necessary. Thus, press wine is kept separately in steel tanks or barrels until the very last moment. After pressing, the solid remains (orujo) are used in the manufacture of distilled liquors.  

Usually red wine is racked into steel vats for a second fermentation: malolactic fermentation, where the action of lactic bacteria turns strong acids such as the malic (green apple) into smooth acids such as lactic (milk). This process might take up to a month to be completed and it needs a temperature over 20ºC, so in cold areas it does not take place until spring time.

Then, and according to the type of red wine that is being sought, it can be racked into barrels for a Crianza red wine. In case of Young red wine only some months resting in the stainless steel vats is necessary. Correspondingly to the ageing time in barrels and bottle there are different wine categories: Young crianza, Crianza, Reserve and Grand Reserve.

The fining or clearing is one of the last stages previous to marketing, where fining agents, as casein, egg-albumin, bentonite and isinglass, are added to wine to eliminate any tartrate or colloidal suspended matter that might cloud wine. Subsequently and also optionally, wine can be filtered with plate pads or by diatome soils, rendering red wine steadier biologically speaking. 

Finally, red wine is bottled and ready for distribution in the market.

Sorted by

Red wine from 20 to 30€

Toni Gelabert Negre de Sa Colonia 2013
Quantity:
18,36 £
Eco / Bio
PK --
87
Type of wine Crianza Red Winery Vins Toni Gelabert Appellation Plà i Llevant Grapes Callet
L'Uva Arbosiana 2015
Quantity:
18,36 £
Charming
Freak
Natural
PK --
--
Type of wine Young Red Winery Domaine de La Tournelle Appellation Arbois Grapes Ploussard
El Chaparral 2013 Magnum
Quantity:
18,41 £
Charming
PK89
87
Type of wine Young Crianza Red Winery Bodegas Nekeas Appellation Navarra Grapes Garnacha
Cueva Bobal 2016
Quantity:
18,45 £
Natural
PK --
--
Type of wine Young Red Winery Bodegas Cueva Appellation Utiel Requena Grapes Bobal
Mestre Vilavell 2012
Quantity:
18,50 £
Eco / Bio
PK --
--
Type of wine Crianza Red Winery Bodegas Puiggròs Appellation Cataluña Grapes Sumoll
Matanegra Roble 2014 Magnum
Quantity:
18,50 £
Eco / Bio
PK --
--
Type of wine Young Crianza Red Winery Pagos de Matanegra Appellation Ribera del Duero Grapes Tempranillo
La Movida al Desnudo 2015
Quantity:
18,50 £
Eco / Bio
Amphora
PK --
--
Type of wine Young Crianza Red Winery Maldivinas Appellation Table wine Grapes Garnacha
Akilia Chano Villar 2011
Quantity:
18,54 £
Orgasmic
Freak
bottle x6: 17,63 £/u. (-5%)
Other Vintages available: 2012
PK89
--
Type of wine Young Crianza Red Winery Bodega y Viñedos Akilia Appellation Bierzo Grapes Mencía
Abadal 3.9 2012
Quantity:
18,59 £
bottle x6: 17,67 £/u. (-5%)
PK --
92
Type of wine Crianza Red Winery Bodegas Abadal Appellation Plà de Bages Grapes Cabernet Sauvignon, Syrah
Paisajes Cecias 2011
Quantity:
18,64 £
Other Bottle sizes: Magnum
Other Vintages available: 2012, 2010, 2009
PK92
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Type of wine Crianza Red Winery Paisajes y Viñedos Appellation Rioja Grapes Garnacha
Sameirás Tinto 2015 Magnum
Quantity:
18,64 £
Other Bottle sizes: Standard
PK --
90
La Llopetera 2014
Quantity:
18,64 £
Charming
Natural
bottle x6: 17,72 £/u. (-5%)
PK88
--
Type of wine Young Crianza Red Winery Escoda Sanahuja Appellation Conca de Barberà Grapes Pinot Noir
Château Barrail Du Blanc 2014
Quantity:
18,68 £
PK --
--
Type of wine Crianza Red Winery Jean Jacques Elliès Appellation Saint Émilion Grapes Merlot, Cabernet Franc
Le Jobard de Rémi Bourgogne Grand Ordinaire 2009
Quantity:
18,73 £
Charming
Eco / Bio
PK --
--
Type of wine Crianza Red Winery Domaine Rémi Jobard Appellation Bourgogne Grapes Pinot Noir
Enate Merlot-Merlot 2011
Quantity:
18,73 £
PK --
--
Type of wine Crianza Red Winery Enate Appellation Somontano Grapes Merlot
Sierra Cantabria Crianza 2012 Magnum
Quantity:
18,73 £
Other Vintages available: 2014
PK89
92
Type of wine Crianza Red Winery Sierra Cantabria Appellation Rioja Grapes Tempranillo
Cantine Moio Moio 57 Rosso 2014
Quantity:
18,73 £
PK --
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Type of wine Crianza Red Winery Cantine Moio Appellation Falerno del Massico Grapes Primitivo
Recaredo Els Raustals 2007
Quantity:
18,77 £
Eco / Bio
PK --
88
Type of wine Crianza Red Winery Cava Recaredo Appellation Penedés Grapes Cabernet Sauvignon, Tempranillo
Paisajes La Pasada 2013
Quantity:
18,77 £
Other Bottle sizes: Magnum
PK --
--
Type of wine Reserve Red Winery Paisajes y Viñedos Appellation Rioja Grapes Tempranillo
Tomás Postigo Crianza 2014
Quantity:
18,77 £
bottle x6: 17,86 £/u. (-5%)
Other Vintages available: 2015
PK --
--
Type of wine Reserve Red Winery Postigo Vergel Appellation Ribera del Duero Grapes Tempranillo, Merlot
Viña Bosconia Reserva 2002
Quantity:
18,77 £
Other Vintages available: 2005, 2004
PK --
--
Tremenda 2011
Quantity:
18,82 £
Orgasmic
Exclusive
PK --
--
Type of wine Crianza Red Winery Vins del Tros Appellation Terra Alta Grapes Cariñena
Cos Sicilia Nero di Lupo 2014
Quantity:
18,82 £
Orgasmic
Eco / Bio
Amphora
PK --
--
Type of wine Reserve Red Winery Azienda Agricola Cos Appellation Sicilia Grapes Nero d'Avola
Mascarello Dolcetto d'Alba Bricco Mirasole 2013
Quantity:
18,82 £
Charming
PK --
--
M. Chapoutier Saint-Joseph Deschants Rouge 2014
Quantity:
18,82 £
Charming
bottle x6: 17,86 £/u. (-5%)
PK87
--
Type of wine Crianza Red Winery M. Chapoutier Appellation Saint Joseph Grapes Syrah
Wine in moderation
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